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What is Japan’s food safety supervision system like?

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1. Japanese law clearly stipulates that the management departments of food safety are the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries and the Ministry of health, labor and welfare. The Ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries is mainly responsible for the safety of fresh agricultural products and their rough processed products, focusing on the production and processing stage of these agricultural products; The Ministry of health, labor and welfare is responsible for the safety of other foods and imported foods, focusing on the import and circulation stage of these foods. According to the new amendment to the food hygiene law, Japan has officially implemented the positive list system since May 2006, which prohibits the circulation of foods containing agricultural chemicals that have not set the maximum residue limit standard and whose content exceeds the unified standard. Japan has established a sound quality and safety inspection and supervision system for agricultural products. There are 48 prefectures (counties) and cities across the country, with a total of 58 food quality inspection institutions, which are responsible for the monitoring, identification and evaluation of agricultural products and food, as well as the market access and market supervision and inspection entrusted by various governments. The consumption technology service center of the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries of Japan has seven sub centers, which are responsible for the investigation and analysis of the quality and safety of agricultural products, accepting consumer complaints, handling organic food certification and the supervision and management of certified products. The consumer technology service center keeps close contact with local agricultural service institutions, collects relevant information and accepts supervision and guidance, and forms a multi-level inspection and supervision system for the quality and safety of agricultural products from farmland to dining table

in recent years, food safety crises have occurred frequently in Japan. In particular, after the occurrence of mad cow disease in Japan in 2001, it was found that the National Agricultural Association and others maliciously deceived consumers, used false labels, and pretended imported meat as domestic meat, which broke the “safety myth” of Japanese food and caused panic among citizens about a variety of diseases that may be transmitted to people from food. On July 1, 2003, the food safety committee of the Cabinet Office of Japan was officially established after long-term deliberation. The functional division pattern of the Japanese government on food safety has changed significantly. Its main responsibility is to implement food safety assessment. It is responsible for organizing or accepting the consultation of specific management departments responsible for food safety risks (hereinafter referred to as risk management departments) such as the Ministry of agriculture, water resources and health, and implementing inspection and risk assessment on food safety through scientific analysis. According to the risk assessment results, the risk management department is required to take countermeasures and supervise their implementation. In addition, with the Committee as the core, establish a risk information communication mechanism with the wide participation of relevant government agencies, consumers and producers, and implement comprehensive management of risk information communication

the food safety committee of the Cabinet Office of Japan is the highest decision-making body composed of seven members. All members of the committee are non-governmental experts. With the approval of the parliament, they are appointed by the Prime Minister for a term of three years. The special investigation committee is composed of a total of 200 special members (including concurrent members), all of whom are non-governmental experts, with a term of office of 3 years. The special investigation meeting is divided into three evaluation expert groups: ① chemical substance evaluation group. Be responsible for evaluating food additives, pesticides, animal pharmaceuticals, utensils and containers, packaging, chemicals, pollutants, etc. ② Biological assessment team. Responsible for evaluating microorganisms, viruses, molds and natural toxins. ③ New food assessment team. Be responsible for the inspection and assessment of the risks of genetically modified food, feed fertilizer and newly developed food

2. Japan’s food safety legal system

Japan’s food safety legal and regulatory system consists of basic laws and a series of professional and special laws and regulations. The food hygiene law and the basic law on food safety are two basic laws. The food hygiene law was promulgated in 1948 and has been revised many times. The latest revision was in May 2003. The law is the most important code for controlling food quality, safety and hygiene in Japan. It has extremely detailed provisions on all foods, including food, food additives, natural spices, facilities and equipment (excluding facilities and equipment in agriculture and aquaculture) and food packaging containers. Food that does not comply with the provisions of the act, and containers containing toxic substances and storage equipment that do not comply with the existing standards of the act, and food that does not comply with the provisions of the act. Japan promulgated the basic law on food safety in 2003. The law establishes the food safety concepts of “consumer first”, “scientific risk assessment” and “whole process monitoring from farm to table”, requires to ensure food safety in every link of the food supply chain at home and imported from abroad, and allows preventive import embargo

in Japan, there are many professional and special laws and regulations related to food safety, including food quality and hygiene, agricultural product quality, input product (pesticides, veterinary drugs, feed additives, etc.), animal epidemic prevention and plant protection. Knowledge points

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