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A Brief History of the Development of Packaging Machinery

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Packaging machinery has developed with the emergence of new packaging materials and the continuous innovation of packaging technology.

The papermaking technology invented by China has provided conditions for the emergence of paper packaging in history.

In 1850, world paper prices plummeted and paper packaging began to be used for food.

In 1852, Wally of the United States invented the paper bag making machine, which led to the emergence of paper product machinery.

In 1861, Germany established the world’s first packaging machinery factory and produced a fully automatic forming, filling, and sealing machine in 1911.

China’s packaging machinery started relatively late. After more than 20 years of development, it has become one of the top ten industries in the mechanical industry, providing effective guarantees for the rapid development of China’s packaging industry. Some packaging machinery has filled the domestic gap and can basically meet the needs of the domestic market. Some products are also exported.

The export value of packaging machinery in China is still less than 5% of the total output value, while the import value is roughly equivalent to the total output value, far from developed countries.

From the perspective of product structure, there are only over 1300 types of packaging machinery in China, with limited supporting quantities and a lack of high-precision and large-scale production products, which cannot meet market demand. The quality gap of products is manifested in low performance, poor stability and reliability, unattractive appearance, rough surface treatment, poor quality of many components, short lifespan, and low reliability, which affects the overall quality of products; From the perspective of enterprise situation, the domestic packaging machinery industry lacks leading enterprises, and there are not many enterprises with large production scale and high product grade; From the perspective of product development, China is still mostly in the testing and imitation stage, with weak self-development capabilities and a lack of research and production pilot bases. Research funding only accounts for 1% of sales, while foreign countries have as high as 8-10%.

The technical level of packaging machinery in China lags behind the overall technical level of advanced countries by 20 years, and is at a disadvantage in competition in product development, performance, quality, reliability, service, and other aspects.

Under the premise of continuous development, in the packaging industry, it can be seen that there are numerous contradictions in the packaging machinery industry, and enterprises are unable to cope with changes in the situation. The development ideas and concepts of the industry are not in line with the development of the situation; Weak technological innovation ability, slow progress in process technology, and the development of new products has not fundamentally broken away from the situation of imitation research and tracking. The competitiveness is not strong, and economic growth and efficiency improvement still mainly rely on scale.

In addition, there are still some packaging machinery enterprises that have not yet achieved extensive and refined management; There is a lack of market awareness, competitive awareness, and crisis awareness, as well as a weak sense of urgency and responsibility in serving the market and customers. Some packaging machinery enterprises have a mismatch between their understanding and use of people and the laws of the market economy.

Faced with unfavorable factors, the most urgent thing is to change the development mode of various enterprises in the packaging machinery industry. Enterprises should take a new starting point to examine and solve the above contradictions and problems, transform their development concepts, strengthen independent innovation, enhance market awareness, and vigorously promote the development of the domestic packaging machinery industry.

To change the current situation of the packaging machinery industry and promote its development, the industry should pay attention to the development trend of packaging machinery while making significant progress.

With the continuous development and progress of science and technology, the emergence of various food processing products has put forward new requirements for packaging technology and equipment. Packaging machinery is playing an increasingly important role in the field of circulation.

The competition in packaging machinery is becoming increasingly fierce, and highly automated, intelligent, multifunctional, efficient, and low consumption packaging equipment is increasingly favored by the industry.

The degree of automation in process flow is increasing.

Automation technology has accounted for over 50% of packaging production lines, extensively utilizing computer design and mechatronics integrated control to improve productivity, equipment flexibility and flexibility, and adding robotic arms to complete complex packaging actions.

Each robotic arm is controlled by a separate computer, with a camera monitoring the packaging movement and providing feedback to the computer to adjust the amplitude of the movement, ensuring the quality of the packaging.

Packaging machinery is about to innovate in emerging industries soon.

The countries with high levels of packaging and food machinery abroad mainly include the United States, Germany, Japan, Italy, and the United Kingdom.

Germany’s packaging machinery is in a leading position in design, manufacturing, and technical performance.

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